tv Focus on Europe - Spotlight on People Deutsche Welle January 12, 2018 6:30pm-7:00pm CET
unimpeded access to education and knowledge and the same opportunities for everyone . a central goal of the global community but what's the reality on the ground into creation for all the w's multimedia special rates personal stories and highlights extraordinary projects around the world to. find out more on the internet d.w. dot com education for all. hello and welcome to focus on europe i'm michelle henery glad that you could join us the conflict in eastern ukraine has perhaps fallen off the international radar but fighting flares up almost daily between government forces and pro russian separatists and it's the civilians who suffer most some are trapped on the front lines with no place to go. hundreds have been killed
and over a million displaced and many of them are women and children despite a series of cease fires the ukrainian region of donbass has witnessed fighting for almost four years now residents are living and raising families on the front line of this war zone while many have fled this once coal rich region it had to reassure him in is one of those who are either too old or too poor to escape but staying means that she and her three children let's face it each day like it could be their last. the shutters on carter's home stay closed for good reason she lives on the edge of the village of shanker next to the no man's land between ukrainian government troops and progress in separatists shelling and mortar fire are a part of everyday life as a sniper fire from a nearby hill it's been three years now since the conflict that has claimed the lives of ten thousand people brought the frontline to the outskirts of ankara can't
hear is twenty seven and a single mother of three children her youngest is just eighteen months old. my children have no one else to play with all the other families moved away some time ago doesn't all the shooting scare you. not really you get used to recognizing what kind of weapon the shots are coming from you know if it's worth taking cover i'm not wonder how. when it began the family would hide in a cellar in the garden cartier tells us since that two was hit they just stay in the house. well you know this is our living room and that's where we sleep on that side we're protected by the kitchen and from the other side we very rarely get anything coming at us. so. this is where my mom sleeps my daughter deana and this is where i sleep with the two youngest.
without help from outside life inch of anchor would no longer be possible the village is surrounded on several science by separatist held areas a single road vulnerable to sniper fire connects the village with government held territory. tatyana of course will and her humanitarian relief team make the journey regularly bringing food clothing and other essential supplies to those in need. and i think when the fighting reached three years ago public transport broke down the nearest supermarket is several hours walk away putting it out of reach for franco's one hundred forty mostly elderly residents. of the group the the village is cut off the people here hardly get a chance to get out this isn't life it's survival people here get by thanks to what they can grow in their gardens. there are hundreds of civilians in the area
dependent on the u.n. and local activists for their daily survival we leave the village and head towards the front line from this point on all you see are ruins and trenches most of them barely deep enough to stand up in we need to ukrainian soldiers on guard duty a father and son. of course i'm worried about him but at least this way i get to see him every day of course there's shooting here but it's mainly a night during the day it's quieter but there's always something going on. close by to china is bringing supplies to pensioner yelena because via just a few months ago a grad missile struck a house she was at home when it happened. but a little bit more this is where the missile hit it was a direct hit. but that wasn't all.
begun years ago when that was another time i had shells land in the garden directly under my windows two others in my neighbor's front garden they completely destroyed the sheds over there on the other side of the road there were a leaven hits but yelena has no plans to leave she will spend the winter alone at home with every night bringing the chance of further devastation it's a familiar picture and shevchenko cartier shows us what's left of the vegetable cellar that she and her children used to hide in. i mean why don't want my children to be scared. i tell them not to be afraid. when the shooting starts i bring them inside and we play hide and seek. and the dog. cartier tells us that she plans to stay part in spite of the constant danger i'd leave right away if i had an apartment of my own to go to but not if i end up
a someone's guest having to be grateful all the time. is still an option for now at least. thanks to helpers like her china and her team but with no end to the conflict in sight it's life on a knife edge for carter and her children. our reporter was fortunate to be in the region during a lull in the fighting shortly after his departure the recruiting of soldiers died in battles nearby the british voted to leave the e.u. but where does that leave you citizens in britain before brags that many thought were all europeans with the right to live and move around the continent freely but now there's increasing evidence of an us versus them attitude with mounting hostility in certain parts of the u.k. towards anyone not british particularly people from eastern europe our reporter met
a polish family in the seaside town of great yarmouth who have first hand experience of how the mood has changed. these cameras on part of a home security system they were installed to spy on a polish family across the road and are pointed right at the children's spectrum is gonna come let us can see how they there is another one the black one next to the white. all those wonder can see. what's happening here in great yarmouth in eastern england is more than just a feud between neighbors. the police family are being targeted simply because they e.u. citizens says daughter darnell as the neighbor drives away in her car. danno from poland herself is advise ing the victimized family she came to britain to work in a bank today she's self employed and helps her compatriots when they run into problems
the mother of the family admits doesn't want us to show her face for fear for the repercussions. of the fact that she's going to get recognized and have a small town if she goes out and people get to see her and probably she's going to have some advice and. she just wants to protect them and herself. darnell started off helping polish citizens with their residency applications after fighting her own way through the british bureaucratic jungle but now she also accompanies them to the police station when they've been threatened simply for being foreigners the video surveillance is yet another case of xenophobia. she's done it to intimidate us to show she's in control she's installed all these cameras whether they're recording or not what matters is that she's intimidating us on social media and also in person she screams out i can see you all the time.
and her family have been living here for four years their british neighbors moved in two years ago the threats began with the bricks at referendum in twenty sixteen and they didn't just come from one neighbor got i'd never had a problem with doctors or at school now the children get called names we all know kids just repeat what they hear their parents say at home i'm afraid to speak polish on the street because we'll be told off. one police officer suggested she could just move away in great yarmouth more than seventy percent of voters were in favor of bricks at the seaside resort to norfolk is a bastion of anti sentiment a high proportion of staff in. bars and restaurants are eastern europeans from e.u. member states many more work on the farms outside great yarmouth another reason for local resentment that moment for workers coming if they're tried people but if
people come in they try to it's got no does this is guy did they could do that let's tie them people they're trying to go and do that job things discussed in. age immigration i'm not entirely but we. now. know what we've been in there for and with. everyone for there are night. but it's not that simple two hundred kilometers away in birmingham even citizens are meeting to enjoy a cup of tea and discuss the headaches breck's it has caused the they belong to an organization called the three million named after the number of e.u. citizens living in the u.k. the group gathered today includes germans french and poles like us here tolbert she married her british husband in poland and moved with him to england and suddenly out breaks it when i had to start the lorry that ok i'm not well founded i'm
european it's not enough now because i have to sort my paperwork to be able to stay here. tolbert collects her son from school both of her children were born in britain they live in a small community in the birmingham area a place known for its openness to immigrants from europe but at the local fish and chip shop that tolerance seems to have vanished or should leave more i think. that's why i've been my head i really have not been and things are hoping they are not people get in the way he's going. to be right. by they she primarily means immigrants from eastern europe tolbert has now required british citizenship she could live with the uncertainty that she might be deported one day just because she's an e.u. citizen although her husband james is a pastor and use the authority that comes with his office he says the hours he
spent on the phone where torture. unless you have that piece of paper that tell me it's going to be all right because you're not living through it you're not going through what we've had to go through that he's not feeling the pressure that we've had to go through and so. in great yarmouth agnieszka and her family are also feeling the pressure without door to donal's assistance they'd be all on their own with the cameras and then xenophobic neighbor who we try to speak to but although we had noises inside the house no one on says the dole. while britain is heading out of the e.u. most people in turkey still hope their country will join someday though few believe it can be realized in the short term especially since the country has growing domestic issues an average of five people a day are killed there by firearms rising crime and political instability since the
attempted coup in two thousand and sixteen have caused many turks to arm themselves gone ownership has soared to twenty five million which is one in three households the vast majority of the weapons are unregistered and many of those shot are innocent civilians. hidden or nihad punter can has barely set foot in his daughter's room since she was murdered four months ago he leans desk bed and dressing table are all still there. she was preparing to go to college diplomas. owned by was looking forward to framing her university diploma and putting it up on the war but that will never happen now who . last october seventeen year old helen was murdered on her way home in istanbul the
culprit a male acquaintance who shot and killed her shortly after she had turned down his advances incidents like these are becoming all too common in turkey helen's father has called for stricter gun laws. i want to see at least the many illegal arms confiscated that would save many lives because many of these firearms are owned by an educated people who have a sick mentality a sick knee hurt doesn't need long to find the spot where his daughter was killed it looks like a war zone the culprit fired repeatedly on his daughter with a semiautomatic rifle he was later apprehended the man who illegally sold him a gun however was quickly released. i or anyone else could end up being shot soon too. this has to stop i don't want others having to live through what i've endured i lost my child. enough.
there are now fatal shootings on the streets of turkey every day. heavy rains for my school friends were shocked by head death but they know how easy it is to buy a gun need today is. simple you order a firearm online and it's delivered to your doorstep incredible really. it's illegal to buy arms online in turkey but that does little to allay the concerns of girls and young women the most common victims of male gun crime. sure we're scared every day this street corner reminds us of the danger. there are an estimated twenty million illegal guns in turkey. every day there are five gun related fatalities murders accidents and newspapers is speaking out.
see the whole of really well thought callers it's become easier to get a gun license all you need is a clean police record and medical clearance. also also crime and political volatility i have increased in the past decade. and penalties for illegally owning a gun negligible make sure fifty. we head over to the european side of istanbul after some hesitation a firearms dealer agrees to discuss the country's gun situation with us. inside his shot he shows us a shotgun made to look like an assault rifle. he keeps his most serious firearms elsewhere since. he doesn't think banning guns would save lives instead he says gun ownership should be legalized.
they should make it easier to purchase a firearm legally. then the state would have control over gun ownership. and there would be fewer fatalities. culprits could be quickly are offended because every gun would be registered almost of the arms dealer regularly showcases his arsenal on you tube he denies this constitutes illegal advertising he claims he's merely targeting gun lovers. he had planned until you can visit the family grave every day haley who was his eldest daughter is buried here as well she was one of two thousand gun crime victims in twenty seventeen nihad has vowed to do everything he can to combat turkey's obsession with guns in order he says of his daughter. project the zero is
a sleepy rule community in northern italy but for a few days each year thousands of visitors descend on its narrow streets with jackboots and shaved heads raising their right arms in a fascist salute stores openly sell memorabilia bearing fascist symbols the town is the birthplace of benito mussolini former dictator of italy and adolf hitler's wartime ally but critics now want to outlaw what they call the glorification of fascism nationwide. for most of the year production you know is a quiet little town of six thousand people but it's known nationwide as the birthplace of benito mussolini there's even a museum dedicated to a veritable treasure trove for those who feel more than a little sentimental about his rule over italy from one thousand nine hundred twenty two to nine hundred forty three and three times a year pretty damn p.-o. hosts organize celebrations of the fascist leader marking the birthday of the
town's most famous native son the date of his death and the anniversary of the fascist march on rome that swept most illini into power. a number of shops sell souvenirs for customers who fancy gracing their living rooms with not so subtle hints of fascism the italian authorities do not step in to stop it. it's not just old men reveling in their youth who are at my ill do chip the facebook page giovanni flashy stevie italian e or young italian fascists has tens of thousands of lights it glorifies the fascist era while expressing contempt for italy's current politicians and foreigners are absolutely not welcome back in one nine hundred fifty two italy passed a law that criminalized efforts to glorify fascism but a lot of people it seems have little regard for such a band. member of parliament emmanuelle if you are no because therefore submitted
a new draft bill that tightens the law stricter legislation against fascist activities is also a personal matter for the democratic party politician his jewish family suffered great losses in muscling is italy. i think my family's history has sensitized me in a special way and more than other people. italian fascists arrested my relatives and turned them over to the german nazis. ten members of my family were gassed denouncements. if italy's senate follows the chamber of deputies and passes the new law then giving the fascist salute in public as often seen in soccer stadiums will be punishable with prison sentences of up to two years the same would apply for producing marketing or selling fascist memorabilia and judges can increase the penalties by
a third if an offender spreads fascist propaganda in the media or on the internet or. the point of fiona's law becomes obvious on the big fascist holidays in mosul in his hometown pride events including a fascist mass held by a catholic priest. most of these people are unite. it on two fronts ideologically in their rejection of democracy liberalism and italy's current politics and also in their desire to stop the new anti fascism nor. about the law that they're planning is garbage. it's wrong to ban history. really for me the most a linear was italy's greatest since the roman empire. this law is really past all hell will break loose that's why i hope it will pass. the
twenty seventeen anniversary of muscling his march on rome runs its usual course neo fascists celebrate their ideology and themselves with zero intervention on the part of the police but this celebration in honor of ill do check maybe the last of its kind if italy's parliament indeed passes the law something the mayor of pretty dark here would welcome it. was a key is to look as in italy there is next to no critical examination of history that will be this year so a lot lives on in secret. for an every once in a while that burst onto the surface again you feel. it elice parliament in rome could now write history in its own way. the final passing of the bill may yet take some time however because a government crisis means there will be new elections in march we recently brought
you a story about dutch university students living an old people's homes as a way of bridging the generational divide now the netherlands has seen the introduction of another method of social engineering to encourage friendships between young and old but this time around it's the order generation who are on the move. three pensioners are setting out to liven up the streets of hell more with their brightly colored walkers with a difference. the imaginative idea is as planned attracting a lot of attention from young people. the whole thing was dropped out by rock over toward a self-styled social designer who is easy to give you the goal is to provide young people with free wi-fi so that they feel more comfortable here in helmand. and second the project aims to motivate pensioners with a walk to go for
a stroll in the center of town. malise matter of months reveals the secrets gadgetry this plastic box conceals immobile wife i rouge. the boxes hidden in the baskets to keep it from being stolen. the project being translates as walking wife by the password is a cafe writer which means every friday because that's when the retired people make their rounds. actually came this protest rian mall is the only place with free wi-fi. otherwise we have to use the cell phone network and it's expensive so why fires where you can. but once the kids are logged in they often ignore the older people chatting online with friends seems more interesting than an intergenerational conversation. so it's understandable that the project does have its critics. i feel equally it's nonsense children used to play
outdoors pop into the bathtub an evening and head for school in the morning hours at school and then they'd run around outside again play soccer or climb over fences until the woman next door scolded them this time it felt often the starts and but we do still get noticed in town because we come every week it's becoming a habit example then that can really mean something for city of helmont but they can a file molds so far this is still just a test project the organizers will be evaluating the results after six weeks but it might not be long until wife i walkers start showing up elsewhere too. and hopefully those young people will start to engage a bit more too that's it from focus on europe this week if you want to see any of our reports again just go to our home page on dot com thank you for watching and see you next time.
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described as still the top for marathon or night job and political leaders not as to make a breakthrough in their talks about forming a coalition government but there's still a long road ahead for the coming up president donald trump is accused of using derogatory language to describe african countries and haiti he denies the reports but a democrat says he plus them because the president made the comments.